Improving triage for children with comorbidity using the ED-PEWS: An observational study

Joany M. Zachariasse*, Pinky Rose Espina, Dorine M. Borensztajn, Daan Nieboer, Ian K. MacOnochie, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Johan Van Der Lei, Susanne Greber-Platzer, Henriette A. Moll

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To assess the value of the Emergency Department-Pediatric Early Warning Score (ED-PEWS) for triage of children with comorbidity. Design Secondary analysis of a prospective cohort. Setting and patients 53 829 consecutive ED visits of children <16 years in three European hospitals (Netherlands, UK and Austria) participating in the TrIAGE (Triage Improvements Across General Emergency departments) project in different periods (2012-2015). Intervention ED-PEWS, a score consisting of age and six physiological parameters. Main outcome measure A three-category reference standard as proxy for true patient urgency. We assessed discrimination and calibration of the ED-PEWS for children with comorbidity (complex and non-complex) and without comorbidity. In addition, we evaluated the value of adding the ED-PEWS to the routinely used Manchester Triage System (MTS). Results 5053 (9%) children had underlying non-complex morbidity and 5537 (10%) had complex comorbidity. The c-statistic for identification of high-urgency patients was 0.86 (95% prediction interval 0.84-0.88) for children without comorbidity, 0.87 (0.82-0.92) for non-complex and 0.86 (0.84-0.88) for complex comorbidity. For high and intermediate urgency, the c-statistic was 0.63 (0.62-0.63), 0.63 (0.61-0.65) and 0.63 (0.55-0.73) respectively. Sensitivity was slightly higher for children with comorbidity (0.73-0.75 vs 0.70) at the cost of a lower specificity (0.86-0.87 vs 0.92). Calibration was largely similar. Adding the ED-PEWS to the MTS for children with comorbidity improved performance, except in the setting with few high-urgency patients. Conclusions The ED-PEWS has a similar performance in children with and without comorbidity. Adding the ED-PEWS to the MTS for children with comorbidity improves triage, except in the setting with few high-urgency patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-233
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: ©

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Improving triage for children with comorbidity using the ED-PEWS: An observational study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this