In Vivo Enzyme Inhibition Improves the Targeting of [Lu-177]DOTA-GRP(13-27) in GRPR-Positive Tumors in Mice

Pantelis Marsouvanidis, Marleen Melis, Erik de Blois, Wout Breeman, Eric Krenning, T Maina, Berthold Nock, Marion Jong

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRPR) and GRP-derived analogs have attracted attention due to high receptor expression in frequently occurring human neoplasia. The authors recently synthesized a series of GRPR-affine peptide analogs based on the 27-mer GRP and derivatized with the DOTA chelator at the N-terminus for In-111-labeling. In this study, the authors evaluated the most promising from these series, DOTA-GRP(13-27), after radiolabeling with Lu-177 for future therapeutic applications. In addition, to improve in vivo stability of the peptide against in vivo degradation by the protease neutral endopeptidase (NEP), the authors coinjected [Lu-177]DOTA-GRP(13-27) with the potent NEP inhibitor phosphoramidon (PA). The authors also aimed at reducing renal uptake by coadministration of lysine. Methods: In vivo stability studies were performed in Swiss albino mice. Biodistribution studies were conducted in NMRI nu/nu mice bearing prostate cancer (PC)-3 xenografts. Ex vivo autoradiography was performed using frozen sections from PC-3 xenografts and kidneys. Results and Discussion: Coadministration of PA significantly increased the percentage of intact radiopeptide in the mouse circulation. From biodistribution and ex vivo autoradiography studies, coadministration of both lysine and PA with [Lu-177]DOTA-GRP(13-27) appeared to induce a clear improvement of tumor uptake as well as lower levels of renal radioactivity, causing a promising ninefold increase in tumor/kidney ratios.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)359-367
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Research programs

  • EMC MM-01-40-01
  • EMC NIHES-03-30-03

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