In vivo quantification of photosensitizer concentration using fluorescence differential path-length spectroscopy: influence of photosensitizer formulation and tissue location

SAHJ de Visscher, MJH Witjes, Slavka Kascakova, Dick Sterenborg, Dominic Robinson, JLN Roodenburg, Arjen Amelink

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11 Citations (Scopus)


In vivo measurement of photosensitizer concentrations may optimize clinical photodynamic therapy (PDT). Fluorescence differential path-length spectroscopy (FDPS) is a non-invasive optical technique that has been shown to accurately quantify the concentration of Foscan (R) in rat liver. As a next step towards clinical translation, the effect of two liposomal formulations of mTHPC, Fospeg (R) and Foslip (R), on FDPS response was investigated. Furthermore, FDPS was evaluated in target organs for head-and-neck PDT. Fifty-four healthy rats were intravenously injected with one of the three formulations of mTHPC at 0.15 mgkg(-1). FDPS was performed on liver, tongue, and lip. The mTHPC concentrations estimated using FDPS were correlated with the results of the subsequent harvested and chemically extracted organs. An excellent goodness of fit (R-2) between FDPS and extraction was found for all formulations in the liver (R-2 = 0.79). A much lower R-2 between FDPS and extraction was found in lip (R-2 = 0.46) and tongue (R-2 = 0.10). The lower performance in lip and in particular tongue was mainly attributed to the more layered anatomical structure, which influences scattering properties and photosensitizer distribution. (C) 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). [DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO. 17.6.067001]
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC MM-03-32-09

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