Incentivized choice in large-scale voting experiments

Tanja Artiga Gonzalez, Georg Granic, Franziska Heinicke, Stephanie Rosenkranz, Utz Weitzel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Survey experiments that investigate how voting procedures affect voting behavior and election outcomes use hypothetical questions and non-representative samples. We present here the results of a novel survey experiment that addresses both concerns. First, the winning party in our experiment receives a donation to its campaign funds inducing real consequences for voting. Second, we run an online experiment with a Dutch national representative sample (N = 1240). Our results validate previous findings using a representative sample, in particular that approval voting leads to a higher concentration in votes for smaller parties and strengthens centrist parties in comparison to plurality voting. Importantly, our results suggest that voting behavior is not affected by voting incentives and can be equally reliably elicited with hypothetical questions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalPolitical Science Research and Methods
Early online date2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The project was funded by the Radboud University Nijmegen and Stichting GXP (non-profit). These institutions played no role in the design, execution, analysis and interpretation of data, or writing of the study.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the European Political Science Association.


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