Incidence of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with chronic total coronary occlusion: Results of the VACTOR study

Amira Assaf, Rafi Sakhi, Roberto Diletti, Alexander Hirsch, Cornelis P. Allaart, Rohit Bhagwandien, Mehran Firouzi, Pieter C. Smits, Mark G. Hoogendijk, Dominic A.M.J. Theuns, Sing-Chien Yap*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

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Abstract

Background:

A chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) is associated with ventricular arrhythmias (VA) in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). Limited data is available on the incidence of VA in CTO patients without an ICD.

Objectives:

To investigate the incidence of sustained VA in CTO patients after successful CTO revascularization and in patients with untreated CTO or failed CTO revascularization.

Methods:

Prospective, multicenter observational pilot study including CTO patients who were not eligible for an ICD and had a left ventricular ejection fraction >35 %. We enrolled patients with a successful CTO revascularization (group A) and patients with untreated CTO or failed CTO revascularization (group B). All patients received an implantable loop recorder with remote monitoring. The primary endpoint was sustained VA.

Results:

Ninety patients were enrolled (mean age 63 ± 10 years, 83.3 % man, mean LVEF 55 ± 8 %). Group A (n = 45) had a higher prevalence of CTO in the left anterior descending artery in comparison to group B (n = 45) (28.9 % versus 4.4 %, P = 0.002). Other baseline characteristics were similar. During a median follow-up time of 26 months (IQR, 19–35), five patients (5.6 %) had a sustained VA. There was no difference in the incidence of sustained VA between groups (3-year cumulative event rate: 8.8 % (group A) versus 4.5 % (Group B), log-rank P = 0.71).

Conclusion:

Patients with an CTO, who do not qualify for an ICD, have a substantial risk of sustained VA. In our study the incidence was not different between patients with revascularized and those with untreated CTO.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101323
JournalIJC Heart and Vasculature
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

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