Incidence, prognostic impact, and optimal definition of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in consecutive patients with stable or unstable coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. insights from the all-comer PRODIGY trial

G Crimi, S Leonardi, F (Frederico) Costa, Sara Ariotti, M Tebaldi, S Biscaglia, Marco Valgimigli

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BackgroundContrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with poor outcome. Whether this association differs in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) as compared to acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients is unknown.Definitions and Methods: PRODIGY trial patients were defined as stable CAD or ACS according to the initial presentation. CI-AKI was defined as an increase () of serum creatinine (SCr) 25% above baseline. Two endpoints were considered: all-cause death and the composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction (MI). The interaction between CI-AKI, clinical setting, and the impact of increasing SCr% cut-offs were also explored. ResultsTwo thousand three patients were enrolled in the PRODIGY trial, 85 patients were excluded for missing SCr data, leading to a population of 1,918 patients. CI-AKI incidence was 6.7% in stable CAD and 12.2% in ACS patients. CI-AKI was associated with all-cause mortality [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) of 2.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.38-3.05, P<0.001] and the composite of death, stroke, or MI [aHR of 1.49, 95% CI 1.13-1.97, P<0.001]. The risk of CI-AKI for the composite endpoint was higher in stable CAD, P for interaction: 0.048. A SCr of 35% was associated with the highest aHR for all-cause mortality: 2.34 [95% CI, 1.46-3.76, P<0.001] and the composite of death, stroke, or MI: 1.70 [95% CI, 1.20-2.40, P>0.001]. ConclusionsIn a large, contemporary, all-comers percutaneous coronary intervention population, CI-AKI was associated with an increased risk of all-cause death and the composite of death, stroke, or MI. While CI-AKI is more common in ACS than in stable CAD patients, its adjusted prognostic impact on the composite endpoint appears to be more pronounced in patients with stable CAD. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)E19-E27
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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