Including visual orienting functions into cerebral visual impairment screening: Reliability, variability, and ecological validity

N. Ben Itzhak, M. J.G. Kooiker, J. J.M. Pel, E. Ortibus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is a heterogeneous brain-based visual processing disorder in which basic visual orienting functions (VOF) and higher-order perception can be impaired.

AIMS: To evaluate (1) the test-retest reliability and variability of an eye tracking-based VOF paradigm, and related clinical characteristics, and (2) the relations between VOF (variability) and daily visual functioning and visuoperceptual dimensions.

METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-three children with CVI underwent eye tracking thrice, completed a visuoperceptual battery, and parents completed the Flemish CVI questionnaire. VOF reliability and variability of reaction time (RTF), fixation duration and accuracy were assessed with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), Bland-Altman plots, and coefficient of variation. Relations were analysed with linear mixed models.

OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Highly salient visual stimuli had good RTF reliability and triggered less variable VOF. Intermediate and low salience stimuli had poor-to-moderate reliability and triggered more variable VOF. Younger performance age related to more VOF variability. Greater visual (dis)interest, clutter and distance viewing impairments, and a weaker visuoperceptual profile related to slower RTF.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Highly salient stimuli reveal a child's 'optimal' visual performance, whereas intermediate and low salience stimuli uncover VOF variability, which is a key CVI hallmark to detect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104391
Number of pages1
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume132
Early online date6 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Fund Scientific Research Flanders (FWO-project) (grant number T004920N ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

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