Incorporating strontium enriched amorphous calcium phosphate granules in collagen/collagen-magnesium-hydroxyapatite osteochondral scaffolds improves subchondral bone repair

Jietao Xu, Jana Vecstaudza, Marinus A. Wesdorp, Margot Labberté, Nicole Kops, Manuela Salerno, Joeri Kok, Marina Simon, Marie Françoise Harmand, Karin Vancíková, Bert van Rietbergen, Massimiliano Maraglino Misciagna, Laura Dolcini, Giuseppe Filardo, Eric Farrell, Gerjo J.V.M. van Osch, Janis Locs*, Pieter A.J. Brama*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Osteochondral defect repair with a collagen/collagen-magnesium-hydroxyapatite (Col/Col-Mg-HAp) scaffold has demonstrated good clinical results. However, subchondral bone repair remained suboptimal, potentially leading to damage to the regenerated overlying neocartilage. This study aimed to improve the bone repair potential of this scaffold by incorporating newly developed strontium (Sr) ion enriched amorphous calcium phosphate (Sr-ACP) granules (100–150 μm). Sr concentration of Sr-ACP was determined with ICP-MS at 2.49 ± 0.04 wt%. Then 30 wt% ACP or Sr-ACP granules were integrated into the scaffold prototypes. The ACP or Sr-ACP granules were well embedded and distributed in the collagen matrix demonstrated by micro-CT and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. Good cytocompatibility of ACP/Sr-ACP granules and ACP/Sr-ACP enriched scaffolds was confirmed with in vitro cytotoxicity assays. An overall promising early tissue response and good biocompatibility of ACP and Sr-ACP enriched scaffolds were demonstrated in a subcutaneous mouse model. In a goat osteochondral defect model, significantly more bone was observed at 6 months with the treatment of Sr-ACP enriched scaffolds compared to scaffold-only, in particular in the weight-bearing femoral condyle subchondral bone defect. Overall, the incorporation of osteogenic Sr-ACP granules in Col/Col-Mg-HAp scaffolds showed to be a feasible and promising strategy to improve subchondral bone repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100959
JournalMaterials Today Bio
Volume25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

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