Increased incidence of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections and hospital admissions in the Netherlands, November to December 2023

Dita C. Bolluyt, Sjoerd M. Euser, Dennis Souverein, Annemarie Mc van Rossum, Jayant Kalpoe, Mireille van Westreenen, Marco Goeijenbier, Dominic Snijders, Dirk Eggink, Femke Jongenotter, Steven Fl van Lelyveld*, Marlies A. van Houten

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an important cause of pneumonia and extra-pulmonary manifestations. We observed a rise in admissions due to M. pneumoniae infections starting October 2023 in a regional hospital in the Netherlands and an increased incidence in national surveillance data. The incidence in the Netherlands has not been that high since 2011. The patients had a lower median age compared with 2019 and 2020 (28 vs 40 years). M. pneumoniae should be considered in patients with respiratory symptoms, especially children.

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