Inflammatory bowel disease-patients are insufficiently educated about the basic characteristics of their disease and the associated risk of colorectal cancer

JE Baars, CA Siegel, Adriaan Spijker, T Markus, Ernst Kuipers, C.J. van der Woude

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Abstract

Background/aim: Limited data are available about inflammatory bowel disease-patients' knowledge of disease and associated risks. We assessed patients' knowledge of disease and its associated risks/complications, and their perspectives on current recommendations for colectomy when low-grade dysplasia is found. Methods: Inflammatory bowel disease-patients at a regional patient-information-day were asked to anonymously complete a survey (group-A). A 2nd group was recruited online through the Dutch inflammatory bowel disease-patients' association (group-B). Results: In group-A, 109 inflammatory bowel disease-patients completed the survey (76% Crohn's disease, 24% ulcerative colitis, 78% female). Thirty-three patients (30%) were unaware of their disease-localization; 30% thought inflammatory bowel disease shortened their life-expectancy; 26% thought it was likely for a severe complication to occur during colonoscopy. Patients estimated their 10-year colorectal carcinoma-risk at 25%. Mean perceived colorectal carcinoma-associated mortality-risk was 13%. Patients would agree to colectomy if their current colorectal carcinoma-risk was at least 53% and 70% would refuse physicians' recommendation for colectomy if dysplasia were detected with a 20% risk of concomitant colorectal carcinoma. Group-B (n = 393 inflammatory bowel disease-patients) verified the results above. However, fewer patients (52%) would refuse physicians' recommendation for colectomy, p=0.01. Conclusion: Inflammatory bowel disease-patients are ill-informed about their disease and its associated risks. Improvement of patient-education is necessary to appropriately involve patients in the decision-making process. (C) 2010 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)777-784
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive and Liver Disease
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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