Insulin/Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 Signaling and Cognitive Function in Humans

SM (Sjoerd) Euser, D van Heemst, P van Wet, Monique Breteler, RGJ Westendorp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An accumulating body of evidence suggests the involvement of an evolutionary conserved insulinfinsulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling (ITS) pathway in the regulation of the life and health span in nematodes, flies, rodents, and humans. We studied the association between msulin/IGF-1 signaling and cognitive function among 10 15 participants, 85 years old or older, of the population-based Leiden 85-Plus Study. A composite IIS6 score, based on expected effects (increased or decreased signaling) of selected variants in the ITS pathway, was calculated to estimate ITS pathway activity. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and annually during a 5-year follow-up, using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). In women, but not in men, lower IIS6 scores (indicating decreased signaling) were associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment (MMSE score <= 18) (p trend = .010). The IIS6 score was not associated with change in cognitive function. In addition to old age survival, genetically reduced ITS seems to be beneficial for cognitive function in women.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)907-910
Number of pages4
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume63
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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