Several studies have indicated an interaction between the renin-angiotensin (ANG II) system and endothelin (ET) in the regulation of vascular tone. Previously, we have shown that both ET and ANG II exert a vasoconstrictor influence on the coronary resistance vessels of awake normal swine. Here, we investigated whether the interaction between ANG II and ET exists in the control of coronary resistance vessel tone at rest and during exercise using single and combined blockade of angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) and ETA/ETB receptors. Since both circulating ANG II and ET levels are increased after myocardial infarction (MI), we investigated if the interaction between these systems is altered after MI. In awake healthy swine, coronary vasodilation in response to ETA/ETB receptor blockade in the presence of AT1 blockade was similar to vasodilation produced by ETA/ETB blockade under control conditions. In awake swine with a 2- to 3-wk-old MI, coronary vasodilator responses to individual AT1 and ETA/ETB receptor blockade were virtually abolished, despite similar coronary arteriolar AT1 and ETA receptor expression compared with normal swine. Unexpectedly, in the presence of AT1 blockade (which had no effect on circulating ET levels), ETA/ETB receptor blockade elicited a coronary vasodilator response. These findings suggest that in normal healthy swine the two vasoconstrictor systems contribute to coronary resistance vessel control in a linear additive manner, i.e., with negligible cross-talk. In contrast, in the remodeled myocardium, cross-talk between ANG II and ET emerges, resulting in nonlinear redundant control of coronary resistance vessel tone.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|