'Integrative Physiology 2.0': integration of systems biology into physiology and its application to cardiovascular homeostasis

Diederik Kuster, Daphne Merkus, J Velden, Adrie Verhoeven, Dirk-jan Duncker

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27 Citations (Scopus)


Since the completion of the Human Genome Project and the advent of the large scaled unbiased '-omics' techniques, the field of systems biology has emerged. Systems biology aims to move away from the traditional reductionist molecular approach, which focused on understanding the role of single genes or proteins, towards a more holistic approach by studying networks and interactions between individual components of networks. From a conceptual standpoint, systems biology elicits a 'back to the future' experience for any integrative physiologist. However, many of the new techniques and modalities employed by systems biologists yield tremendous potential for integrative physiologists to expand their tool arsenal to (quantitatively) study complex biological processes, such as cardiac remodelling and heart failure, in a truly holistic fashion. We therefore advocate that systems biology should not become/stay a separate discipline with '-omics' as its playing field, but should be integrated into physiology to create 'Integrative Physiology 2.0'.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1037-1045
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physiology-London
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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