Inter-Vendor Reproducibility of Pseudo-Continuous Arterial Spin Labeling at 3 Tesla

HJMM Mutsaerts, Rebecca Steketee, DFR Heijtel, JPA Kuijer, MJP van Osch, CBLM Majoie, Marion Smits, AJ Nederveen

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Purpose: Prior to the implementation of arterial spin labeling (ASL) in clinical multi-center studies, it is important to establish its status quo inter-vendor reproducibility. This study evaluates and compares the intra-and inter-vendor reproducibility of pseudo-continuous ASL (pCASL) as clinically implemented by GE and Philips. Material and Methods: 22 healthy volunteers were scanned twice on both a 3T GE and a 3T Philips scanner. The main difference in implementation between the vendors was the readout module: spiral 3D fast spin echo vs. 2D gradient-echo echo-planar imaging respectively. Mean and variation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) were compared for the total gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM), and on a voxel-level. Results: Whereas the mean GM CBF of both vendors was almost equal (p = 1.0), the mean WM CBF was significantly different (p<0.01). The inter-vendor GM variation did not differ from the intra-vendor GM variation (p = 0.3 and p = 0.5 for GE and Philips respectively). Spatial inter-vendor CBF and variation differences were observed in several GM regions and in the WM. Conclusion: These results show that total GM CBF-values can be exchanged between vendors. For the inter-vendor comparison of GM regions or WM, these results encourage further standardization of ASL implementation among vendors.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalPLoS One (print)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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