Interaction of metal cations with alkylnitriles in the gas phase: solvation of metal ions by the hydrocarbon chain

KJ Jobst, JK Terlouw, Theo Luider, Nick van Huizen, Peter Burgers

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Abstract

Relative affinity measurements of monovalent metal ions (M=Li+, Na+, Cu+ and Ag+) toward aliphatic nitriles have been performed using the kinetic method by dissociation of metal-bound dimer ions of the type R1C equivalent to N-M+-N equivalent to CR2. It was found, particularly for Cu+ and Ag+, that the affinity toward nitriles having long chains (>C-6) is markedly enhanced. This is attributed to a bidentate interaction of the metal ion with the nitrile moiety and the aliphatic chain. Theoretical calculations on the copper complexes show that these bidentate structures enjoy about 30% greater copper-ion affinities compared to their linear counterparts. Such aliphatic interactions also play a major role in the dissociation chemistry of copper-bound tetramers of the kind (RC equivalent to N)(4)Cu2+center dot where the long aliphatic chain R curls around the copper ion to facilitate electron transfer or a redox reaction to produce (RC equivalent to N)(2)Cu+ + RC equivalent to N+center dot + RC equivalent to N.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)579-587
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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