Interactions between climate and COVID-19

COVID Observatory, James D. Ford*, Carol Zavaleta-Cortijo, Triphini Ainembabazi, Cecilia Anza-Ramirez, Ingrid Arotoma-Rojas, Joana Bezerra, Victoria Chicmana-Zapata, Eranga K. Galappaththi, Martha Hangula, Christopher Kazaana, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus Namanya, Nosipho Nkwinti, Richard Nuwagira, Samuel Okware, Maria Osipova, Kerrie Pickering, Chandni Singh, Lea Berrang-FordKeith Hyams, J. Jaime Miranda, Angus Naylor, Mark New, Bianca van Bavel, Margaret Angula, Jasmithaa Arvind, Francis Awaafo Akugre, Amir Bazaz, Shaugn Coggins, Frances Crowley, Indunil P. Dharmasiri, Yon Fernandez-de-Larrinoa, Bhavya George, Sherilee Harper, Brianne Jones, Genevieve Jones, Kerry Jones, Harpreet Kaur, Jyotsna Krishnakumar, Irene Kunamwene, Asish Mangalasseri, Clare Mcguire, Adelina Mensah, Jonathan Nkalubo, Tristan Pearce, Chrishma Dharshani Perera, Prathigna Poonacha Kodira, Halena Scanlon, Cecil Togarepi, Anita Varghese

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

In this Personal View, we explain the ways that climatic risks affect the transmission, perception, response, and lived experience of COVID-19. First, temperature, wind, and humidity influence the transmission of COVID-19 in ways not fully understood, although non-climatic factors appear more important than climatic factors in explaining disease transmission. Second, climatic extremes coinciding with COVID-19 have affected disease exposure, increased susceptibility of people to COVID-19, compromised emergency responses, and reduced health system resilience to multiple stresses. Third, long-term climate change and prepandemic vulnerabilities have increased COVID-19 risk for some populations (eg, marginalised communities). The ways climate and COVID-19 interact vary considerably between and within populations and regions, and are affected by dynamic and complex interactions with underlying socioeconomic, political, demographic, and cultural conditions. These conditions can lead to vulnerability, resilience, transformation, or collapse of health systems, communities, and livelihoods throughout varying timescales. It is important that COVID-19 response and recovery measures consider climatic risks, particularly in locations that are susceptible to climate extremes, through integrated planning that includes public health, disaster preparedness, emergency management, sustainable development, and humanitarian response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e825-e833
JournalThe Lancet Planetary Health
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The COVID-19 Observatory (project reference number: EP/V043102/1) is funded by a collective fund award from the UK Research and Innovation Global Challenges Research Fund and Newton Fund; the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office; and International Programme—Russia (Arctic Voices, 2021 006). CZ-C was supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) through the Official Development Assistance Funding of the UK and Wellcome (218743_Z_19_Z) under the NIHR-Wellcome Partnership for Global Health Research. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Wellcome, the NIHR, or the Department of Health and Social Care. All other authors declare no competing interests.


Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

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