Internalization of the radioiodinated somatostatin analog [125I-Tyr3]octreotide by mouse and human pituitary tumor cells: Increase by unlabeled octreotide

L. J. Hofland*, P. M.Van Koetsveld, M. Waaijers, J. Zuyderwijk, W. A.P. Breeman, S. W.J. Lamberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

109 Citations (Scopus)


Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent inhibitor of Leydig cell function. IL-1 blocks human CG-induced cAMP and testosterone formation, as well as cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage messenger RNA (mRNA) expression. IL-1 also decreases insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) mRNA levels in Leydig cells. The effects of IGF-I are modified by IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). In the present study, we evaluated the effects of IL-1 on IGFBP expression. Purified Leydig cells from adult rats were cultured with 0.1% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum in Dulbecco's modified Eagles' medium/F12. Culture medium was changed to serum-free Dulbecco's modified Eagles' medium/F12 after 24 h and IL-1 beta (0.1-10 ng/ml) was added. Treatment of Leydig cells with IL-1 beta (10 ng/ml) for 2, 4, and 6 h resulted in a progressive induction of IGFBP-3 expression without affecting IGFBP-2 or IGFBP-4 mRNA levels. IL-1 beta in concentrations of 0.1, 1, and 10 ng/ml caused a 1.5-, 4-, and 6.5-fold induction of IGFBP-3 expression, respectively, whereas IGF-I mRNA levels were decreased in a dose-dependent manner. IL-1 beta increased the average transcription rate of IGFBP-3 by 3.3-fold. The t1/2 for IGFBP-3 mRNA was 2.07 h and was not affected by the treatment with IL-1 beta (2.21 h). The immunoblot of cell-conditioned media showed that the basal level of IGFBP-3 protein was low and IL-1 beta caused a dose-dependent increase in the production of IGFBP-3. These results indicate that IL-1 beta increases IGFBP-3 levels by increasing the rate of transcription rather than by changing the stability of IGFBP-3 mRNA. The addition of cycloheximide markedly inhibited IL-1 beta-induced IGFBP-3 mRNA levels. However, IL-1 beta was able to induce IGFBP-3 mRNA levels even in the presence of cycloheximide. This suggests that de novo protein synthesis may not be required for induction of IGFBP-3 mRNA by IL-1 beta. In conclusion, IL-1 beta inhibits IGF-I but increases IGFBP-3 expression in Leydig cells, and this may contribute to the inhibitory effects of IL-1 beta on Leydig cell steroidogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3698-3706
Number of pages9
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1995


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