International survey on opinions and use of minimally invasive surgery in small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms

Enes Kaçmaz*, Anton F. Engelsman, International Study Group of Small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasm Surgery (ISGSS), Willem A. Bemelman, Pieter J. Tanis, Elisabeth J.M. Nieveen van Dijkum*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)



Although minimally invasive surgery is becoming the standard technique in gastrointestinal surgery, implementation for small bowel neuroendocrine neoplasms (SB-NEN) is lagging behind. The aim of this international survey was to gain insights into attitudes towards minimally invasive surgery for resection of SB-NEN and current practices. 


An anonymous survey was sent to surgeons between February and May 2021 via (neuro)endocrine and colorectal societies worldwide. The survey consisted of questions regarding experience of the surgeon with minimally invasive SB-NEN resection and training. 


A total of 58 responses from five societies across 20 countries were included. Forty-one (71%) respondents worked at academic centers. Thirty-seven (64%) practiced colorectal surgery, 24 (41%) endocrine surgery and 45 (78%) had experience in advanced minimally invasive surgery. An open, laparoscopic or robotic approach was preferred by 23 (42%), 24 (44%), and 8 (15%) respondents, respectively. Reasons to opt for a minimally invasive approach were mainly related to peri-operative benefits, while an open approach was preferred for optimal mesenteric lymphadenectomy and tactile feedback. Additional training in minimally invasive SB-NEN resection was welcomed by 29 (52%) respondents. Forty-three (74%) respondents were interested in collaborating in future studies, with a cumulative median (IQR) annual case load of 172 (86–258). 


Among respondents, 69% applies minimally invasive surgery for resection of SB-NEN. Arguments for specific operative approaches differ, and insufficient training in advanced laparoscopic techniques seems to be a barrier. Future collaborative studies can provide better insight in selection criteria and optimal technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1251-1257
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

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