Internationale lessen voor een sluitende aanpak nazorg, Een literatuurstudie over evaluatieonderzoek naar nazorgprogramma's voor ex-gedetineerden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Dutch aftercare for former prisoners is strongly developing. This article describes lessons from international experiences with aftercare for former prisoners in three areas of life: alcohol and drug problems, work and housing. Moreover, it discusses which lessons are especially relevant for the Dutch system. The analysis of the literature shows to what extent and under which conditions voluntary aftercare can affect reintegration and recidivism. Conclusions are that various aftercare programs do affect recidivism to some extent, but that the level of success differs substantially across programs and across subpopulations of former prisoners. Both programs that start during detention and continue after release and programs that combine multiple services (e.g. housing services and drug treatment) are most successful. Work programs have the strongest effects for older individuals. In all three areas of aftercare studied in this article, the strongest program effects were found for subpopulations with the highest risk of recidivism. The review also shows that communication between organizations and the integration of services are very important for the success of aftercare programs.
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)36-56
Number of pages21
JournalTijdschrift voor veiligheid
Volume10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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