Introducing a value-based healthcare approach for women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI): Recommendations for patient-centered outcomes in clinical practice

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Abstract

Objective: To establish a set of clinician and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and present the initial findings of a value-based healthcare (VBHC) program in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). Methods: Employing a four-phase approach, we identified the most crucial domains for patients with POI and translated these into PROMs. Prior to each visit, patients completed questionnaires to evaluate: depression (BDI-II), menopausal symptoms (GCS), work ability (WAS) and infertility (FertiQoL). During the visits, cardiovascular health assessments and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scans to measure bone mineral density were performed. Data at intake is presented, and comparisons are drawn between women using and those not using hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Patient-reported experience measures (PREMs) were evaluated by a questionnaire. Results: A total of 267 POI patients completed the PROM questionnaires, of whom 58.1 % were using HRT at intake. Over half of the patients (53.5 %), had a BDI-II score of 14 or higher, indicating mild to severe depression. The mean total GCS score was 20.9 (SD 11.3). The median work ability score was 7.5 (IQR 6.0–8.0) and the mean FertiQoL score 63.9 (SD 15.7). Additionally, 22.7 % of patients presented with hypertension, 6.2 % with hypercholesterolemia, and almost 50 % had low bone mass. Patients rated the VBHC program with a mean of 8.6 (SD 1.2). Conclusions: These findings underscore the necessity of a multidisciplinary VBHC program incorporating standardized screening and psychological treatment. We advocate for the implementation of patient-centered outcomes for clinical practice, which have been found to be highly relevant by patients with POI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107971
JournalMaturitas
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

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