Invasive devices and sensors for remote care of heart failure patients

Sumant P. Radhoe*, Jesse F. Veenis, Jasper J. Brugts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The large and growing burden of chronic heart failure (CHF) on healthcare systems and economies is mainly caused by a high hospital admission rate for acute decompensated heart failure (HF). Several remote monitoring techniques have been developed for early detection of worsening disease, potentially limiting the number of hospitalizations. Over the last years, the scope has been shifting towards the relatively novel invasive sensors capable of measuring intracardiac filling pres-sures, because it is believed that hemodynamic congestion precedes clinical congestion. Monitoring intracardiac pressures may therefore enable clinicians to intervene and avert hospitalizations in a pre-symptomatic phase. Several techniques have been discussed in this review, and thus far, remote monitoring of pulmonary artery pressures (PAP) by the CardioMEMS (CardioMicroelectromechanical system) HF System is the only technique with proven safety as well as efficacy with regard to the prevention of HF-related hospital admissions. Efforts are currently aimed to further develop existing techniques and new sensors capable of measuring left atrial pressures (LAP). With the growing body of evidence and need for remote care, it is expected that remote monitoring by invasive sensors will play a larger role in HF care in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2014
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalSensors
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2021

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