Job crafting as retention strategy: An ethnographic account of the challenges faced in crafting new nursing roles in care practice

Martijn Felder*, Syb Kuijper, Davina Allen, Roland Bal, Iris Wallenburg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Nursing shortages in the global north are soaring. Of particular concern is the high turnover among bachelor-trained nurses. Nurses tend to leave the profession shortly after graduating, often citing a lack of appreciation and voice in clinical and organisational decision-making. Healthcare organisations seek to increase the sustainability of the nursing workforce by enhancing nursing roles and nurses' organisational positions. In the Netherlands, hospitals have introduced pilots in which nurses craft new roles. We followed two pilots ethnographically and examined how nurses and managers shaped new nursing roles and made sense of their (expected) impact on workforce resilience. Informed by the literature on professional ecologies and job crafting, we show how managers and nurses defined new roles by differentiating between training levels and the uptake of care-related organisational responsibilities beyond the traditional nursing role. We also show how, when embedding such new roles, nurses needed to negotiate specific challenges associated with everyday nursing practice, manifested in distinct modes of organising, work rhythms, embodied expertise, socio-material arrangements, interprofessional relationships, and conventions about what is considered important in nursing. We argue that our in-depth case study provides a relational and socio-material understanding of the organisational politics implicated in organising care work in the face of workforce shortages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe International Journal of Health Planning and Management
Early online date13 Feb 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. The International Journal of Health Planning and Management published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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