Introduction: The role of surgery for early stage malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) remains controversial. Current expert opinion is only to treat patients surgically as part of multimodality therapy. It is still challenging to identify patients who will not benefit from surgery. We specifically evaluated tumor-related parameters in combination with clinical parameters to identify prognostic markers for survival. Methods: Clinical data of 27 consecutive patients with MPM treated with extended pleurectomy and decortication within a multimodality approach were collected and analyzed. Several tumor (immuno-)histopathologic characteristics were determined on resected tumor material, among which MTAP and Ki67 (MIB-1). Univariable and multivariable analyses served to correlate clinical and tumor-related parameters to overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: The median PFS (mPFS) was 15.3, and the median OS (mOS) was 26.5 months. Patients with a Ki67 score greater than 10% had a significantly shorter PFS (mPFS = 8.81 versus 25.35 mo, p = 0.001) and OS (mOS 19.7 versus 44.5 mo, p = 0.002) than those with a Ki67 score less than or equal to 10. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for Ki67 revealed an area under the curve of 0.756 with a sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 71% for a cutoff of 10% for Ki67. Patients with loss of MTAP had a significantly shorter mPFS (9 versus 21.1 mo, p = 0.014) and mOS (19.7 versus 42.6 mo, p = 0.047) than those without MTAP loss. Conclusions: In our study, Ki67 was prognostic for OS and PFS in patients with MPM treated with extended pleurectomy/decortication in a multimodality approach. Determination of Ki67 before surgery combined with specific clinical parameters could assist in clinical decision making by identifying patients, with high Ki67, who are unlikely to benefit from surgery.
|Journal||JTO Clinical and Research Reports|
|Early online date||15 Feb 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2021|