Kinome profiling of non-canonical TRAIL signaling reveals RIP1-Src-STAT3-dependent invasion in resistant non-small cell lung cancer cells

K Azijli, Saravanan Pillai, Maikel Peppelenbosch, T Wurdinger, H Dekker, J Joore, Ellen Dijk, WJ Quax, GJ Peters, S de Jong, FAE Kruyt

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Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) triggers apoptosis selectively in tumor cells through interaction with TRAIL-R1/DR4 or TRAIL-R2/DR5 and this process is considered a promising avenue for cancer treatment. TRAIL resistance, however, is frequently encountered and hampers anti-cancer activity. Here we show that whereas H460 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells display canonical TRAIL-dependent apoptosis, A549 and SW1573 NSCLC cells are TRAIL resistant and display pro-tumorigenic activity, in particular invasion, following TRAIL treatment. We exploit this situation to contrast TRAIL effects on the kinome of apoptosis-sensitive cells to that of NSCLC cells in which non-canonical effects predominate, employing peptide arrays displaying 1024 different kinase pseudosubstrates more or less comprehensively covering the human kinome. We observed that failure of a therapeutic response to TRAIL coincides with the activation of a non-canonical TRAIL-induced signaling pathway involving, amongst others, Src, STAT3, FAK, ERK and Akt. The use of selective TRAIL variants against TRAIL-R1 or TRAIL-R2 subsequently showed that this non-canonical migration and invasion is mediated through TRAIL-R2. Short-hairpin-mediated silencing of RIP1 kinase prevented TRAIL-induced Src and STAT3 phosphorylation and reduced TRAIL-induced migration and invasion of A549 cells. Inhibition of Src or STAT3 by shRNA or chemical inhibitors including dasatinib and 5,15-diphenylporphyrin blocked TRAIL-induced invasion. FAK, AKT and ERK were activated in a RIP1-independent way and inhibition of AKT sensitized A549 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. We thus identified RIP1-dependent and -independent non-canonical TRAIL kinase cascades in which Src and AKT are instrumental and could be exploited as co-targets in TRAIL therapy for NSCLC.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)4651-4661
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Research programs

  • EMC MM-04-20-01
  • EMC MM-04-42-02

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