Lack of associations between serum leptin, a polymorphism in the gene for the β3-adrenergic receptor and glucose tolerance in the Dutch population

J. A.M.J.L. Janssen*, J. W. Koper, R. P. Stolk, P. Englaro, A. G. Uitterlinden, Q. Huang, J. P.T.M. Van Leeuwen, W. F. Blum, A. M.F. Attanasio, H. A.P. Pols, D. E. Grobbee, F. H. De Jong, S. W.J. Lamberts

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The associations between leptin levels and the prevalence of a polymorphism in the β3-adrenergic receptor were studied in a cross- sectional analysis of 600 participants in a population-based study, which were stratified for glucose tolerance by an oral glucose tolerance test. METHODS In a random sample of 600 participants in the Rotterdam study, aged 55-75 years at baseline (309 men, 291 women) the relationships were studied between the presence of Trp64 Arg mutation in the β3-adrenergic receptor gene and fasting leptin, glucose and insulin (fasting and after an oral glucose load), and other components of the insulin resistance syndrome. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 66.9 years (SD 5.7). Fasting serum leptin levels overall in men and women were 6.1 μg/l (SE 0.2) and 21.7 μg/l (0.9), respectively, (P<0.001). These differences were independent of age, body mass index and waist to hip ratio. We identified 73/600 persons who were heterozygotes for the Trp64 Arg polymorphism (allelic frequency 6.1%), but failed to find an association between the presence of this polymorphism and leptin or any measured parameter indicative for obesity, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSION: Heterozygosity for the Trp64Arg polymorphism of the β3-adrenergic receptor gene is not accompanied by obesity, impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus in the general elderly Dutch population, and is also not associated with changes in circulating leptin levels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)229-234
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1998

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