Lack of PPCA expression only partially coincides with lysosomal storage in galactosialidosis mice: Indirect evidence for spatial requirement of the catalytic rather than the protective function of PPCA

Robbert J. Rottier, Christopher N. Hahn, Linda W. Mann, Maria Del Pilar Martin, Richard J. Smeyne, Kinuko Suzuki, Alessandra D'Azzo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protective protein/cathepsin A (PPCA) is a pleiotropic lysosomal enzyme that complexes with β-galactosidase and neuraminidase, and possesses serine carboxypeptidase activity. Its deficiency in man results in the neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder galactosialidosis (GS). The mouse model of this disease resembles the human early onset phenotype and results in severe nephropathy and ataxia. To understand better the pathophysiology of the disease, we compared the occurrence of lysosomal PPCA mRNA and protein in normal adult mouse tissues with the incidence of lysosomal storage in PPCA(-/-) mice. PPCA expression was markedly variable among different tissues. Most sites that produced both mRNA and protein at high levels in normal mice showed extensive and overt storage in the knockout mice. However, this correlation was not consistent as some cells that normally expressed high levels of PPCA were unaffected in their storage capability in the PPCA(-/-) mice. In addition, some normally low expressing cells accumulated large amounts of undegraded products in the GS mouse. This apparent discrepancy may reflect a requirement for the catalytic rather than the protective function of PPCA and/or the presence of cell-specific substrates in certain cell types. A detailed map showing the cellular distribution of PPCA in nomal mouse tissues as well as the sites of lysosomal storage in deficient mice is critical for accurate assessment of the effects of therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1787-1794
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume7
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

© 1998 Oxford University Press

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