Language assessment in awake brain surgery: the Portuguese adaptation of the Dutch linguistic intraoperative protocol (DuLIP)

Joana Alves, Mafalda Cardoso, Mariana Morgado, Elke De Witte, Djaina Satoer, Andreia Hall, Luis M.T. Jesus*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Awake brain surgery, combined with neurophysiological evaluation and intraoperative mapping, is one of the preferential lines of treatment when approaching low-grade gliomas. Speech and language assessment is used while applying Direct Electrical Stimulation (DES) and during the resection of a lesion/tumour, as it allows to establish related eloquent areas and optimise the extent of the resection and avoid impairments. Patients need to be assessed pre, intra and post-surgery, but in under resourced countries such as Portugal, there are still no standardised and validated tools to conduct this type of evaluation. To address this need, the tasks of the Dutch Linguistic Intraoperative Protocol (DuLIP) were adapted to European Portuguese, and the resulting materials were standardised for a group of 144 Portuguese participants. For each task, the impact of age, gender and schooling were measured. The resulting Portuguese version of the DuLIP (DuLIP-EP) consists of 17 tasks, including phonological, syntactic, semantic, naming and articulatory tests. No significant differences were found between male and female participants. However, schooling influenced phonological and syntactic fluency, object naming and verb generation. Schooling and age had a significant impact on semantic fluency and reading with semantic odd word out tasks. This is the first contribution to the standardisation of a tool that can be used during an awake brain surgery in Portugal, which includes a new phonological odd word out task that is not currently available in the Dutch version.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1113-1131
Number of pages19
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number12
Early online date8 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank Evy Brink. This research was funded by the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), in the context of the projects UIDB/00127/2020 and UIDB/04106/2020.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


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