Laser speckle contrast imaging, an alternative to laser doppler imaging in clinical practice of burn wound care derivation of a color code

Annemieke Dijkstra*, Goksel Guven, Margriet E. van Baar, Nicole Trommel, Helma W.C. Hofland, T. Martijn Kuijper, Can Ince, Cornelis H. van der Vlies

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: 

To develop a color code and to investigate the validity of Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI) for measuring burn wound healing potential (HP) in burn patients as compared to the reference standard Laser Doppler Imaging (LDI). 

Method: 

A prospective, observational, cohort study was conducted in adult patients with acute burn wounds. The relationship between mean flux measured with LDI and mean perfusion units (PU) measured with LSCI was expressed in a regression formula. Measurements were performed between 2 and 5 days after the burn wound. The creation of a LSCI color code was done by mapping the clinically validated color code of the LDI to the corresponding values on the LSCI scale. To assess validity of the LSCI, the ability of the LSCI to discriminate between HP < 14 and ≥ 14 days and HP < 21 and original ≥ 21 days according to the LDI reference standard was evaluated, with calculation of receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves. 

Results: 

A total of 50 patients were included with a median age of 40 years and total body surface area burned of 6%. LSCI values of 143 PU and 113 PU were derived as the cut-off values for the need of conservative treatment (HP < 14 and ≥ 14 days) resp. surgical closure (HP < 21 and ≥ 21 days). These LSCI cut off values showed a good discrimination between HP 14 days versus ≥ 14 days (Area Under Curve (AUC)= 0.89; sensitivity 85% and specificity = 82%) and a good discrimination between HP 21 days versus ≥ 21 days (AUC of 0.89, sensitivity 81% and specificity 88%). 

Conclusion: 

This is the first study in which a color code for the LSCI in adult clinical burn patients has been developed. Our study reconfirms the good performance of the LSCI for prediction of burn wound healing potential. This provides additional evidence for the potential value of the LSCI in specialized burn care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1907-1915
Number of pages9
JournalBurns
Volume49
Issue number8
Early online date8 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

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