Lateral Humeral Condyle Fractures in Pediatric Patients

Tim F.F. Saris, Denise Eygendaal, Bertram The, Joost W. Colaris, Christiaan J.A. van Bergen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Lateral humeral condyle fractures are frequently seen in pediatric patients and have a high risk of unfavorable outcomes. A fall on the outstretched arm with supination of the forearm is the most common trauma mechanism. A physical examination combined with additional imaging will confirm the diagnosis. Several classifications have been described to categorize these fractures based on location and comminution. Treatment options depend on the severity of the fracture and consist of immobilization in a cast, closed reduction with percutaneous fixation, and open reduction with fixation. These fractures can lead to notable complications such as lateral condyle overgrowth, surgical site infection, pin tract infections, stiffness resulting in decreased range of motion, cubitus valgus deformities, ‘fishtail’ deformities, malunion, non-union, avascular necrosis, and premature epiphyseal fusion. Adequate follow-up is therefore warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1033
JournalChildren
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2023

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Publisher Copyright: © 2023 by the authors.

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