Left ventricular deformation and myocardial fibrosis in pediatric patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Thijs P. Kerstens, Wouter M. van Everdingen, Jesse Habets, Arie P.J. van Dijk, Willem A. Helbing, Dick H.J. Thijssen, Floris E.A. Udink ten Cate*

*Corresponding author for this work

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Left ventricular (LV) strain and rotation are emerging functional markers for early detection of LV dysfunction and have been associated with the burden of myocardial fibrosis in several disease states. This study examined the association between LV deformation (i.e., LV strain and rotation) and extent and location of LV myocardial fibrosis in pediatric patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Methods and results: 34 pediatric patients with DMD underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) to assess LV myocardial fibrosis. Offline CMR feature-tracking analysis was used to assess global and segmental longitudinal and circumferential LV strain, and LV rotation. Patients with fibrosis (n = 18, 52.9%) were older than those without fibrosis (14 ± 3 years (yrs) vs 11 ± 2 yrs., p = 0.01). There was no significant difference in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) between subjects with and without fibrosis (54 ± 6% vs 56 ± 4%, p = 0.18). However, lower endocardial global circumferential strain (GCS), but not LV rotation, was associated with presence of fibrosis (adjusted Odds Ratio 1.25 [95% CI 1.01–1.56], p = 0.04). Both GCS and global longitudinal strain correlated with the extent of fibrosis (r =.52, p = 0.03 and r =.75, p < 0.01, respectively). Importantly, segmental strain did not seem to correspond to location of fibrosis. Conclusion: A lower global, but not segmental, strain is associated with presence and extent of LV myocardial fibrosis in pediatric DMD patients. Therefore, strain parameters might detect structural myocardial alterations, however currently more research is needed to evaluate its value (e.g., prognostic) in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131162
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume388
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023

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