The melanocortins are involved in the regulation of various cognitive and physiological processes such as learning, feeding, immune suppression, pigmentation, and sebum production. Five melanocortin receptors have been identified, of which the melanocortin 5 receptor (MC5R) has the most widespread distribution. This subtype is found in the brain, and at numerous peripheral sites including the skin where it is expressed in the sebaceous glands. The purpose of this study was to identify the peptide that functions as a natural ligand at the MC5R in the skin. α-MSH, ACTH1-39, ACTH1-17, ACTH1-10, and ACTH4-10 all increased the production of cAMP in HEK293 cells transfected with the mouse MC5R. α-MSH and ACTH1-17 were the most potent in this respect. In addition, all peptides stimulated a rapid and transient increase in [Ca2+]i, and, ACTH1-10 was the most potent. The increases in [Ca2+]i were of intracellular origin, but not associated with inositol phosphate production. The elevations in [Ca2+]i were reduced by ruthenium red and procaine and it is therefore possible that they were mediated via ryanodine receptors.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2002