Linguistic Enclaves, Sorting, and Language Skills of Immigrants

Agnieszka Kanas, Yuliya Kosyakova, Ehsan Vallizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The literature argues that linguistic enclaves negatively affect immigrants’ language proficiency by reducing their exposure and incentives to learn destination language. This negative association may, however, be spurious, arising due to the self-selection of immigrants into regions with larger enclaves. Exploiting the natural experiment of the German residential policy, this paper analyses the influence of linguistic enclaves on refugees’ language proficiency. We find no evidence that enclaves hamper German language learning among refugees. Our results are robust to various measurements and model specifications. We conclude that the negative relationship reported in previous research is mainly driven by immigrant’s residential sorting.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Research programs



Dive into the research topics of 'Linguistic Enclaves, Sorting, and Language Skills of Immigrants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this