Lipoprotein (a) levels are not associated with carotid plaques and carotid intima media thickness in statin-treated patients with familial hypercholesterolemia

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Abstract

Background: Lipoprotein (a), also called Lp(a), is a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Statins do not lower Lp(a), this may at least partly explain residual CVD risk in statin-treated patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). We investigated the association of Lp(a) levels with atherosclerosis in these patients. Methods and results: We performed ultrasonography in 191 statin-treated FH patients (50% men; 48 +/- 15 years) to detect carotid plaques and determine carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT). Patients with high versus low Lp(a) levels (<= 0.3 g/L) had similar plaque prevalence (36 and 31%, p = 0.4) and C-IMT (0.59 +/- 0.12 and 0.59 +/- 0.13 mm, p = 0.8). Patients with and without plaques had similar Lp(a) levels (median 0.35 (IQR: 0.57) and 0.24 (0.64) g/L, respectively, p = 0.4). Conclusions: The Lp(a) levels were not associated with atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries of statin-treated FH patients. This suggests that adequate statin treatment delays carotid atherosclerosis in FH independently of Lp(a) levels. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)226-229
Number of pages4
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume242
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Research programs

  • EMC COEUR-09
  • EMC COEUR-09-39-01

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