Lipoprotein lipase stimulates the binding and uptake of moderately oxidized low-density lipoprotein by J774 macrophages

W L Hendriks, Hans van der Boom, Leonie C. van Vark, Louis M. Havekes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) stimulates the uptake of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) in different cell types, including macrophages, through bridging of LPL between lipoproteins and extracellular heparan sulphate proteoglycans (HSPG). Because macrophages produce LPL and because modified lipoproteins are present in the arterial wall in vivo, we wondered whether LPL also enhances the uptake of oxidized LDL by J774 macrophages. LDL samples with different degrees of oxidation, as evaluated by relative electrophoretic mobility (REM) as compared with native LDL are used as well as native and acetylated LDL. Addition of 5 microg/ml LPL to the J774 cell culture medium stimulated the binding of both native LDL and moderately oxidized LDL (REM < 3.5) 50-100-fold, and their uptake was stimulated approx. 20-fold. The LPL-mediated binding of native LDL and moderately oxidized LDL was dose-dependent. Preincubation of the cells with heparinase (2.4 units/ml) inhibited the stimulatory effect of LPL, indicating that this LPL-mediated stimulation was due to bridging between the lipoproteins and HSPG. The binding to J774 macrophages of severely oxidized LDL (REM=4.3) was stimulated less than 3-fold by LPL, whereas its uptake was not stimulated significantly. The binding and uptake of acetylated LDL (AcLDL) were not stimulated by LPL, although the LPL-molecule itself does bind to AcLDL. Measurements of the cellular lipid content showed that addition of LPL also stimulated the accumulation in the cells of cholesteryl ester derived from both native LDL and moderately oxidized LDL in a dose-dependent manner. We conclude that our results present experimental evidence for the hypothesis that LPL serves as an atherogenic component in the vessel wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-568
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1996
Externally publishedYes


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