Local recurrence at the site of the Lone Star device through implantation of exfoliated cells during local excision for early rectal cancer: A case report

A. S. van Lieshout, A. A.J. Grüter, L. J.H. Smits, P. J. Tanis, J. B. Tuynman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: 

Invasive procedures for colorectal cancer can cause iatrogenic tumor cell seeding. Implantation of these exfoliated cells in the surrounding tissue can result in locoregional cancer recurrence. This has been described in endoscopic procedures and major surgical resections, however recurrence in iatrogenic lesions of the anal canal during minimal invasive rectal surgery has not been shown in literature yet. This is the first reported case of recurrent rectal cancer that developed into an anal metastasis at the site where hooks of the Lone Star Retractor disrupted the epithelial lining of the anal canal during a local excision of early rectal cancer using TAMIS. 

Presentation of case: 

A 57 year old male was diagnosed with a high risk early stage rectal adenocarcinoma. He was treated with transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) with the use of a Lone Star retractor and he received subsequent chemo-radiotherapy. 23 months later the patient developed a bleeding mass bulging out of the anus. A true cut and incision biopsy was performed and the pathology report revealed localization of adenocarcinoma at the anal canal which was similar to the earlier diagnosed rectal carcinoma. The patient underwent an abdominal perineal resection and left-sided lymph node dissection. 

Discussion and conclusion: 

This shows that local recurrence through implantation of exfoliated tumor cells can occur in iatrogenic lesions of the anal canal not only in major but also in minimal invasive rectal surgery. Careful tissue handling and rectal washout may reduce the chance of this implantation metastasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106891
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

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