Localization patterns of speech and language errors during awake brain surgery: a systematic review

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Abstract

Awake craniotomy with direct electrical stimulation (DES) is the standard treatment for patients with eloquent area gliomas. DES detects speech and language errors, which indicate functional boundaries that must be maintained to preserve quality of life. During DES, traditional object naming or other linguistic tasks such as tasks from the Dutch Linguistic Intraoperative Protocol (DuLIP) can be used. It is not fully clear which speech and language errors occur in which brain locations. To provide an overview and to update DuLIP, a systematic review was conducted in which 102 studies were included, reporting on speech and language errors and the corresponding brain locations during awake craniotomy with DES in adult glioma patients up until 6 July 2020. The current findings provide a crude overview on language localization. Even though subcortical areas are in general less often investigated intraoperatively, still 40% out of all errors was reported at the subcortical level and almost 60% at the cortical level. Rudimentary localization patterns for different error types were observed and compared to the dual-stream model of language processing and the DuLIP model. While most patterns were similar compared to the models, additional locations were identified for articulation/motor speech, phonology, reading, and writing. Based on these patterns, we propose an updated DuLIP model. This model can be applied for a more adequate “location-to-function” language task selection to assess different linguistic functions during awake craniotomy, to possibly improve intraoperative language monitoring. This could result in a better postoperative language outcome in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalNeurosurgical Review
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

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© 2023, The Author(s).

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