Locus for severity implicates CNS resilience in progression of multiple sclerosis

International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium, MultipleMS Consortium, Joost Smolders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that results in significant neurodegeneration in the majority of those affected and is a common cause of chronic neurological disability in young adults1,2. Here, to provide insight into the potential mechanisms involved in progression, we conducted a genome-wide association study of the age-related MS severity score in 12,584 cases and replicated our findings in a further 9,805 cases. We identified a significant association with rs10191329 in the DYSF-ZNF638 locus, the risk allele of which is associated with a shortening in the median time to requiring a walking aid of a median of 3.7 years in homozygous carriers and with increased brainstem and cortical pathology in brain tissue. We also identified suggestive association with rs149097173 in the DNM3-PIGC locus and significant heritability enrichment in CNS tissues. Mendelian randomization analyses suggested a potential protective role for higher educational attainment. In contrast to immune-driven susceptibility3, these findings suggest a key role for CNS resilience and potentially neurocognitive reserve in determining outcome in MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-331
Number of pages9
JournalNature
Volume619
Issue number7969
Early online date28 Jun 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2023.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Locus for severity implicates CNS resilience in progression of multiple sclerosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this