Long-term follow-up after catheter ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia: a comparison of cryothermal and radiofrequency energy in a large series of patients

Bruno Schwagten, Paul Knops, Petter Janse, G Kimman, Yves Belle, T (Tamás) Szili-Torok, Luc Jordaens

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Abstract

Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is highly successful but carries a risk for inadvertent atrioventricular block. Cryoablation (cryo) has the potential to assess the safety of a site before the energy is applied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of cryothermal ablation in a large series of patients and compare it to RF. All consecutive routinely performed AVNRT ablations from our centre between 1999 and 2007 were retrospectively analysed. In total, 274 patients were elegible: 150 cryoablations and 124 RF. Overall procedural success was 96% (262/274), and equal in both groups, but nine patients were crossed to another arm. Mean fluoroscopy time was longer in the group treated with RF (27 +/- 22 min vs. cryo 19 +/- 15 min; p = 0.002). Mean procedure time was not different (RF 138 +/- 71 min vs. cryo 146 +/- 60 min). A permanent pacemaker was necessary in two RF patients. The questionnaire revealed a high incidence of late arrhythmia related symptoms (48%), similar in both groups, with improved perceived quality of life. The number of redo procedures for AVNRT over 4.3 +/- 2.5-years follow-up was not statistically different (11% after cryo and 5% after RF). Our data confirm that cryo and RF ablation with 4-mm tip catheters for AVNRT are equally effective, even after long-term follow-up.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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