Long-Term Outcome of Alcohol Septal Ablation in Patients With Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy A Word of Caution

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Background-The impact of alcohol septal ablation (ASA)-induced scar is not known. This study sought to examine the long-term outcome of ASA among patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods and Results-Ninety-one consecutive patients (aged 54 +/- 15 years) with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy underwent ASA. Primary study end point was a composite of cardiac death and aborted sudden cardiac death including appropriate cardioverter-defibrillator discharges for fast ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation. Secondary end points were noncardiac death and other nonfatal complications. Outcomes of ASA patients were compared with 40 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy who underwent septal myectomy. During 5.4 +/- 2.5 years, primary and/or secondary end points were seen in 35 (38%) ASA patients of whom 19 (21%) patients met the primary end point. The 1-, 5-, and 8- year survival-free from the primary end point was 96%, 86%, and 67%, respectively in ASA patients versus 100%, 96%, and 96%, respectively in myectomy patients during 6.6 +/- 2.7 years (log-rank, P=0.01). ASA patients had a approximate to 5-fold increase in the estimated annual primary end point rate (4.4% versus 0.9%) compared with myectomy patients. In a multivariable model including a propensity score, ASA was an independent predictor of the primary end point (unadjusted hazard ratio, 5.2; 95% CI, 1.2 to 22.1; P=0.02 and propensity score-adjusted hazard ratio, 6.1; 95% CI, 1.4 to 27.1; P=0.02). Conclusions-This study shows that ASA has potentially unwanted long-term effects. This poses special precaution, given the fact that ASA is practiced worldwide at increasing rate. We recommend myectomy as the preferred intervention in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. (Circ Heart Fail. 2010;3:362-369.)
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)362-369
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation-Heart Failure
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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