Long-term Overall Survival after External Beam Radiotherapy for Localised Prostate Cancer

M. C. Jahreiβ, L. Incrocci, M. Dirkx, K. C. de Vries, K. K.H. Aben, C. Bangma, W. D. Heemsbergen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review



Knowledge on survival probabilities is essential for determining optimal treatment strategies. We studied overall survival and associated prognostic factors in Dutch patients with localised prostate cancer (PCa) selected for external beam radiotherapy. 

Materials and methods:

For this single-centre retrospective cohort study, we identified all T1-T3 PCa patients (aged 55–80 years) in the radiotherapy planning database with a start date between January 2006 and December 2013, treated with 72–78 Gy in 2 Gy fractions to the prostate ± seminal vesicles (n = 1536). Long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) was predominantly prescribed in the case of extracapsular disease (>T3). Overall survival was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Prognostic factors were evaluated in Cox regression models for the intermediate-risk and high-risk groups. 


The median follow-up was 12 years for patients who were alive. Ten-year survival rates were 79.0% for low-risk (n = 120), 59.9% for intermediate-risk (n = 430) and 56.8% for high-risk patients (n = 986). A higher age, higher comorbidity score, active smoking and Gleason score ≥8 had a statistically significant negative impact on overall survival at multivariable analysis. ADT was associated with superior overall survival in the high-risk group translating into overall survival rates similar to the intermediate-risk group. 


Although PCa patients selected for external beam radiotherapy are typically in good health, their comorbidity score and smoking habits appeared to be dominant predictors for overall survival. Overall survival rates within the high-risk group varied, showing improved overall survival with ADT prescription and worse overall survival in the case of Gleason score ≥8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e689-e698
JournalClinical Oncology
Issue number12
Early online date3 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023


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