Long-Term Prognosis After Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Is Related to the Extent of Left Ventricular Reverse Remodeling at Midterm Follow-Up

C Ypenburg, Rutger Bommel, CJW Borleffs, GB Bleeker, Eric Boersma, MJ Schalij, JJ Bax

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Abstract

Objectives The aim of the current study was to evaluate the relation between the extent of left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling and clinical/echocardiographic improvement after 6 months of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) as well as long-term outcome. Background Despite the current selection criteria, individual response to CRT varies significantly. Furthermore, it has been suggested that reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) after CRT is related to outcome. Methods A total of 302 CRT candidates were included. Clinical status and echocardiographic evaluation were performed before implantation and after 6 months of CRT. Long-term follow-up included all-cause mortality and hospitalizations for heart failure. Results Based on different extents of LV reverse remodeling, 22% of patients were classified as super-responders (decrease in LVESV >= 30%), 35% as responders (decrease in LVESV 15% to 29%), 21% as nonresponders (decrease in LVESV 0% to 14%), and 22% negative responders (increase in LVESV). More extensive LV reverse remodeling resulted in more clinical improvement, with a larger increase in LV function and more reduction in mitral regurgitation. In addition, more LV reverse remodeling resulted in less heart failure hospitalizations and lower mortality during long-term follow-up (22 +/- 11 months); 1- and 2-year hospitalization-free survival rates were 90% and 70% in the negative responder group compared with 98% and 96% in the super-responder group (log-rank p value <0.001). Conclusions The extent of LV reverse remodeling at midterm follow-up is predictive for long-term outcome in CRT patients. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2009; 53: 483-90) (C) 2009 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)483-490
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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