Long-term risks after kidney donation: how do we inform potential donors? A survey from DESCARTES and EKITA transplantation working groups

Geir Mjøen*, Umberto Maggiore, Nicos Kessaris, Diederik Kimenai, Bruno Watschinger, Cristophe Mariat, Mehmet Sukru Sever, Marta Crespo, Licia Peruzzi, Goce Spasovski, Søren Schwartz Sørensen, Uwe Heemann, Julio Pascual, Ondrej Viklicky, Aisling E. Courtney, Karine Hadaya, Laszlo Wagner, Ionut Nistor, Vassilis Hadjianastassiou, Magdalena DurlikIlkka Helanterä, Rainer Oberbauer, Gabriel Oniscu, Luuk Hilbrands, Daniel Abramowicz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Publications from the last decade have increased knowledge regarding long-term risks after kidney donation. We wanted to perform a survey to assess how transplant professionals in Europe inform potential kidney donors regarding long-term risks. The objectives of the survey were to determine how they inform donors and to what extent, and to evaluate the degree of variation. METHODS: All transplant professionals involved in the evaluation process were considered eligible, regardless of the type of profession. The survey was dispatched as a link to a web-based survey. The subjects included questions on demographics, the information policy of the respondent and the use of risk calculators, including the difference of relative and absolute risks and how the respondents themselves understood these risks. RESULTS: The main finding was a large variation in how often different long-term risks were discussed with the potential donors, i.e. from always to never. Eighty percent of respondents stated that they always discuss the risk of end-stage renal disease, while 56% of respondents stated that they always discuss the risk of preeclampsia. Twenty percent of respondents answered correctly regarding the relationship between absolute and relative risks for rare outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The use of written information and checklists should be encouraged. This may improve standardization regarding the information provided to potential living kidney donors in Europe. There is a need for information and education among European transplant professionals regarding long-term risks after kidney donation and how to interpret and present these risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1742-1753
Number of pages12
JournalNephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
Volume36
Issue number9
Early online date15 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA.

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