Long-term survival of DLA-matched segmental small-bowel allografts in dogs

Maarten A.C. Meijssen, Erik Heineman*, Ron W.F. de Bruin, Monique C.J. Wolvekamp, Richard L. Marquet, Jan C. Molenaar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effect of DLA matching and immunosuppressive therapy on the survival of segmental small-bowel allografts in dogs. Orthotopic segmental small-bowel transplantations (25 to 30% of total small bowel length) were performed in two stages: first a heterotopic segmental small bowel transplantation, followed after 5 to 8 weeks by a second-stage operation during which the heterotopic graft was placed in an orthotopic position and the native small bowel was resected. All dogs received cyclosporine immunosuppression. Control dogs (n=4), subjected to total enterectomy, survived 37.3±7.1 days (mean ± SEM). Recipients of DLA-mismatched small bowel grafts (n=6) survived 113.2±37.0 days, which was a significantly shorter time than dogs with a DLAmatched graft (n=6, 211.5±38.8 days, P<0.05). None of the matched allografts was rejected during CsA treatment, whereas four of six mismatched grafts were (P<0.05). The control dogs uniformly showed progressive weight loss, steatorrhea, and hypoalbuminemia. The dogs with DLA-mismatched grafts did not regain initial body weight, whereas animals with DLAmatched grafts recovered preoperative weight after 20 weeks. Both transplanted groups showed near-normal fecal fat excretions and constant serum albumin, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, whereas serum total protein levels increased during follow-up. We conclude that segmental small bowel transplantation between DLAmatched donor-recipient pairs results in long-term survivors with an adequate nutritional status. This may have important implications for future living-related small-bowel transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1062-1066
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1993

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 1993 by Wikllikams & Wilkins

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