Longest available clinical outcomes after drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery disease - The DELFT (Drug Eluting stent for LeFT main) registry

E (Emanuele) Meliga, Hector Garcia Garcia, M (Marco) Valgimigli, A Chieffo, G Biondi-Zoccai, AO Maree, S Cook, L Reardon, C Moretti, S de Servi, IF Palacios, S Windecker, A Colombo, Ron van Domburg, I Sheiban, PWJC (Patrick) Serruys

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Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. Background Long-term clinical outcomes after DES implantation for ULMCA disease have not yet been ascertained. Methods From April 2002 to April 2004, 358 consecutive patients who underwent PCI with DES implantation for de novo lesions on ULMCA were retrospectively selected and analyzed in 7 European and U. S. tertiary care centers. No patients were excluded from the analysis, and all patients had a minimum follow-up of 3 years. Results Technical success rate was 100%. Procedural success rate was 89.6%. After 3 years, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE)-free survival in the whole population was 73.5%. According to the Academic Research Consortium definitions, cardiac death occurred in 9.2% of patients, and reinfarction, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) occurred in 8.6%, 5.8%, and 14.2% of patients, respectively. Definite stent thrombosis occurred in 2 patients (specifically at 0 and 439 days). In elective patients, the 3-year MACE-free survival was 74.2%, with mortality, reinfarction, TLR, and TVR rates of 6.2%, 8.3%, 6.6%, and 16%, respectively. In the emergent group the 3-year MACE-free survival was 68.2%, with mortality, reinfarction, TLR, and TVR rates of 21.4%, 10%, 2.8%, and 7.1%, respectively. Conclusions Routine DES implantation in ULMCA disease seems encouraging, with favorable long-term clinical results.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)2212-2219
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume51
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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