Low risk of local recurrence after a successful en bloc endoscopic submucosal dissection for noninvasive colorectal lesions with positive horizontal resection margins (R-ESD study)

Krijn J.C. Haasnoot, Francisco Baldaque-Silva, Arjun Koch, Mariana Figueiredo Ferreira, João Santos-Antunes, Emanuel Dias, Masami Omae, Laurelle Van Tilburg, Hao Dang, Arnaud Lemmers, Jurjen J. Boonstra, Leon M.G. Moons*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background During endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), the normal mucosa is cut under constant optical control. We studied whether a positive horizontal resection margin after a complete en bloc ESD predicts local recurrence. Methods In this European multicenter cohort study, patients with a complete en bloc colorectal ESD were selected from prospective registries. Cases were defined by a horizontal resection margin that was positive or indeterminate for dysplasia (HM1), whereas controls had a free resection margin (HM0). Low risk lesions with submucosal invasion (T1) and margins free of carcinoma were analyzed separately. The main outcome was local recurrence. Results From 928 consecutive ESDs (2011–2020), 354 patients (40% female; mean age 67 years, median follow-up 23.6 months), with 308 noninvasive lesions and 46 T1 lesions, were included. The recurrence rate for noninvasive lesions was 1/212 (0.5 %; 95 %CI 0.02%–2.6%) for HM0 vs. 2/96 (2.1 %; 95 %CI 0.57%–7.3%) for HM1.The recurrence rate for T1 lesions was 1/38 (2.6%; 95%CI 0.14%–13.5%) for HM0 vs. 2/8 (25%; 95%CI 7.2%–59.1 %) for HM1. Conclusion A positive horizontal resection margin after an en bloc ESD for noninvasive lesions is associated with a marginal nonsignificant increase in the local recurrence rate, equal to an ESD with clear horizontal margins. This could not be confirmed for T1 lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-251
Number of pages7
JournalEndoscopy
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2023

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