Lumen segmentation and stenosis quantification of atherosclerotic carotid arteries in CTA utilizing a centerline intensity prior

Hui Tang, Theo van Walsum, Krijn Hameeteman, Rahil Shahzad, LJ Vliet, Wiro Niessen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The degree of stenosis is an important biomarker in assessing the severity of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of our work is to develop and evaluate a semiautomatic method for carotid lumen segmentation and subsequent carotid artery stenosis quantification in CTA images. Methods: The authors present a semiautomatic stenosis detection and quantification method following lumen segmentation. The lumen of the carotid arteries is segmented in three steps. First, centerlines of the internal and external carotid arteries are extracted with an iterative minimum cost path approach in which the costs are based on a measure of medialness and intensity similarity to lumen. Second, the lumen boundary is delineated using a level set procedure which is steered by gradient info Results: The method is trained and tested on a publicly available database from the cls2009 challenge. For the segmentation, the authors obtain a Dice similarity coefficient of 90.2% and a mean absolute surface distance of 0.34 mm. For the stenosis quantification, the authors obtain an average error of 15.7% for cross-sectional diameter-based stenosis and 19.2% for cross-sectional area-based stenosis quantification. Conclusions: With these results, the method ranks second in terms of carotid lumen segmentation accuracy, and first in terms of carotid artery stenosis quantification. (C) 2013 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalMedical Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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