Lung Cancer Screening CT-Based Prediction of Cardiovascular Events

OM Mets, R (Rozemarijn) Vliegenthart, MJ Gondrie, MA Viergever, M Oudkerk, Harry de Koning, WPTM Mali, M Prokop, RJ Klaveren, Y (Yolanda) van der Graaf, CFM Buckens, P Zanen, JWJ Lammers, HJM Groen, I Isgum, PA Jong

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to derivate and validate a prediction model for cardiovascular events based on quantification of coronary and aortic calcium volume in lung cancer screening chest computed tomography (CT). BACKGROUND CT-based lung cancer screening in heavy smokers is a very timely topic. Given that the heavily smoking screening population is also at risk for cardiovascular disease, CT-based screening may provide the opportunity to additionally identify participants at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS Inspiratory screening CT of the chest was obtained in 3,648 screening participants. Next, smoking characteristics, patient demographics, and physician-diagnosed cardiovascular events were collected from 10 years before the screening CT (i.e., cardiovascular history) until 3 years after the screening CT (i.e., follow-up time). Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to derivate and validate a prediction model for cardiovascular risk. Age, smoking status, smoking history, and cardiovasc RESULTS Incident cardiovascular events occurred in 145 of 1,834 males (derivation cohort) and 118 of 1,725 males and 2 of 89 females (validation cohort). The model showed good discrimination in the validation cohort with a C-statistic of 0.71 (95% confidence interval: 0.67 to 0.76). When high risk was defined as a 3-year risk of 6% and higher, 589 of 1,725 males were regarded as high risk and 72 of 118 of all events were correctly predicted by the model. CONCLUSIONS Quantification of coronary and aortic calcium volumes in lung cancer screening CT images-information that is readily available-can be used to predict cardiovascular risk. Such an approach might prove useful in the reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and may enhance the cost-effectiveness of CT-based screening in heavy smokers. (J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2013;6:899-907) (C) 2013 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)899-907
Number of pages9
JournalJACC-cardiovascular imaging
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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