Lung function and secondhand smoke exposure among children with cystic fibrosis: A Bayesian meta-analysis

Jack Reifenberg, Emrah Gecili, Teresa Pestian, Eleni Rosalina Andrinopoulou, Patrick H. Ryan, Cole Brokamp, Joseph M. Collaco, Rhonda D. Szczesniak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: Secondhand smoke exposure, an important environmental health factor in cystic fibrosis (CF), remains uniquely challenging to children with CF as they strive to maintain pulmonary function during early stages of growth and throughout adolescence. Despite various epidemiologic studies among CF populations, little has been done to coalesce estimates of the association between secondhand smoke exposure and lung function decline. Methods: A systematic review was performed using PRISMA guidelines. A Bayesian random-effects model was employed to estimate the association between secondhand smoke exposure and change in lung function (measured as FEV1% predicted). Results: Quantitative synthesis of study estimates indicated that second-hand smoke exposure corresponded to a significant drop in FEV1 (estimated decrease: -5.11% predicted; 95% CI: -7.20, -3.47). The estimate of between-study heterogeneity was 1.32% predicted (95% CI: 0.05, 4.26). There was moderate heterogeneity between the 6 analyzed studies that met review criteria (degree of heterogeneity: I2=61.9% [95% CI: 7.3–84.4%] and p = 0.022 from the frequentist method.) Conclusions: Our results quantify the impact at the pediatric population level and corroborate the assertion that secondhand smoke exposure negatively affects pulmonary function in children with CF. Findings highlight challenges and opportunities for future environmental health interventions in pediatric CF care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-701
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Issue number4
Early online date2 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health [grant number: R01HL141286 ] and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation [grant number: GECILI20F0 ]. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


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