Macrophage phagocytosis of myelin in vitro determined by flow cytometry: Phagocytosis is mediated by CR3 and induces production of tumor necrosis factor-α and nitric oxide

Luc J.W. Van Der Laan*, Sigrid R. Ruuls, Kimberley S. Weber, Ilse J. Lodder, Ed A. Döpp, Christine D. Dijkstra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Demyelination of axons in the central nervous system (CNS) during multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a result of phagocytosis and digestion by macrophages (Mφ) and the local release of inflammatory mediators like tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and nitric oxide (NO). We have investigated the process of myelin phagocytosis by Mφ in vitro using flow cytometric analysis. The binding and uptake of CNS-derived myelin was dose dependent, was abolished in the presence of EDTA and was enhanced after opsonization with complement. The phagocytosis of opsonized myelin could be inhibited by antibodies directed against complement receptor type 3 (CR3). Furthermore, CR3 also contributes to phagocytosis of non-opsonized myelin, e.g. under serum-free conditions. The phagocytosis of CNS-derived myelin induced the production of substantial amounts of TNF-α and NO by the Mφ. Our results indicate an important role for CR3 in myelin phagocytosis. The induction of TNF-α and NO which accompanies this phagocytosis may further contribute to the overall process of demyelination during MS or EAE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-152
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

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