Making Sense of Murder: The Reality versus the Realness of Gang Homicides in Two Contexts

MM Urbanik, Robby Roks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Despite the proliferation of research examining gang violence, little is known about how gang members experience, make sense of, and respond to peer fatalities. Drawing from two ethnographies in the Netherlands and Canada, this paper interrogates how gang members experience their affiliates’ murder in different street milieus. We describe how gang members in both studies made sense of and navigated their affiliates’ murder(s) by conducting pseudo-homicide investigations, being hypervigilant, and attributing blameworthiness to the victim. We then demonstrate that while the Netherland’s milder street culture amplifies the significance of homicide, signals the authenticity of gang life, and reaffirms or tests group commitment, frequent and normalized gun violence in Canada has desensitized gang-involved men to murder, created a communal and perpetual state of insecurity, and eroded group cohesion. Lastly, we compare the ‘realness’ of gang homicide in The Hague with the ‘reality’ of lethal violence in Toronto, drawing attention to the importance of the ‘local’ in making sense of murder and contrasting participants’ narratives of interpretation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number17
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalSocial Sciences
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Making Sense of Murder: The Reality versus the Realness of Gang Homicides in Two Contexts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this